How Buying And Selling in Forex Market Works? | Pip Academy
Length : 3.30 Minutes 

Buying and Selling in Forex Market?

The aim of forex trading is simple. Similar to any other form of speculation, you want to buy a currency at one price and sell it at higher price (or sell a currency at one price and buy it at a lower price) in order to make a profit. However, it can get confusing as the price of one currency is always, determined in another currency.

In a floating exchange rate system, the value of a currency constantly changes accordingly based on supply and demand forces in the market. These fluctuations in value creates an opportunity for traders  to trade in the market and profit off it. 

 

As it was discussed before, all the currencies are always quoted in pairs, thus for every transaction in the forex market you are simultaneously purchasing one currency and selling another.

 

When opening a buy (long) trade, the exchange rate indicates how much you have to pay in the units of counter currency to buy one unit of base currency.

One the other hand, when selling (going short), the exchange rate indicates how many units of counter currency you will receive for selling one unit of base currency.

As a trader, you would buy a currency pair if you believe the base currency is going to appreciate in value relative to the counter currency, and you would sell the pair if you believe the base currency is going to depreciate relative to the counter currency.

Example:

 

Let’s say you believe that Euro will appreciate in value against US dollar. 

Therefore you go ahead and execute a buy order on EUR/USD. Remember as we discussed earlier base currency (the currency on the left) is the basis for buy and sell. Therefore, once you place a buy on EUR/USD, you buy the Euro and sell the US dollar simultaneously. 

 

On the other hand, if you think US dollar is weakening against Japanese Yen, then you sell the pair USD/JPY. By doing that you are selling the US dollar that is weakening and buying the Japanese Yen that is gaining value against US dollar.

You can refer to the table below for more examples of buying and selling.

Summary:

 

  1. Base currency is the basis for buy and sell. When you buy a currency pair you are buying the base currency and when you sell a currency pair you are selling the base currency. 

  2. As a trader you buy a currency pair if you believe the base currency is going to appreciate in value against the counter currency. And sell a currency pair if you believe the base currency is going to depreciate in value against the counter currency. 

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Risk Warning: : Trading Contracts for Difference (CFDs) on margin carries a high level of risk and may not be suitable for all investors. Before deciding to trade Contracts for Difference (CFDs), you should carefully consider your trading objectives, level of experience and risk appetite. It is possible for you to sustain losses that exceed your invested capital and therefore you should not deposit money that you cannot afford to lose. Please ensure you fully understand the risks and take appropriate care to manage your risk.

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